Spiders – Identification, Types, and Interesting Facts
Spiders are one of those insects that gives many people the creeps. Having the odd spider around the house is not necessarily a bad thing as many species will help keep the nuisance pest population in check but it may become a bit more problematic if there are too many spiders making themselves comfortable at home. Here are some interesting facts you might not have known about spiders and the most common types you may come across.
Interesting Facts About Spiders
1. They Can All Spin Silk
There are supposedly around 40,000 species of spiders around the world. What might surprise you is the fact that all of these spiders have an organ that can spin silk at the back of their bodies. Silk spinning can serve a number of different purposes such as for creating webs, for climbing, and for building egg sacs.
2. There are Spiders with a Vegetarian Diet
A species of spider was discovered in Central America that is known being mostly herbivorous! They are called Bagheera kiplingi and are known to inhabit trees with protein-rich buds. Unfortunately, it’s very unlikely that you will ever come across one yourself but it’s cool to know that there is a species of spider out there that doesn’t rely on other insects for their primary diet.
3. Spiders Are Near-Sighted
Despite having many eyes, spiders in general are near-sighted. Not being able to see far isn’t really a big problem for most spiders though as they just need to wait until a prey gets caught in their web.
4. Spiders Can Lay Thousands of Eggs
Some species of female spiders can lay thousands of eggs in a single time. They produce an egg sec that contains the many eggs. Some of the female spiders will die after laying their eggs.
5. Spiders Can Jump Super High
There are groups of spiders known as jumping spiders and if they were to participate in the Olympics then there are sure to get the gold medal for the longest jumping events. The reason for this is due to the fact that some jumping spiders can jump up to 50x their own length.
Most Common Species of Spiders
There are thousands of spider species around the world but it’s likely that you will come across a few of them in your lifetime. Here are the most common species of spiders that one may find at home or in the yard.
American House Spider
The American house spider are usually on the smaller-end of the spider spectrum. They are no bigger than the size of a nickel and have a circular abdomen. Some people may want to get rid of these house spiders because they like to lurk and hide in dark, sheltered areas of the house. They are, however, mostly harmless.
There are hundreds of wolf spider species around the country. The largest of wolf spiders can reach a size of up to an inch and a half long! They tend to have hairy bodies and are usually gray, brown, or black in color. They don’t catch their prey by casting webs. Instead, they hunt them down and that’s where they get their name from.
The black widow is on the scarier side of the insect spectrum. They have shiny black bodies with a red hourglass marking on the underside of their abdomen. Those who get bitten by a black widow may experience symptoms like intense pain and muscle stiffness.
Brown Recluse Spider
The brown recluse spiders are known for having long legs relative to their whole body size. You probably won’t notice it but these spiders have six eyes instead of the eight that many other spiders have. At home, they are usually found in isolated corners of rooms like basements and cellars. The brown recluse spider spiders can harm you if you get bitten so you will probably want to have some brown recluse spider traps set around the house if you see one at home.