Mosquitoes – Identification, Types, and Interesting Facts

Mosquito

Everyone at least one point in their lifetime will get bitten by a mosquito (and if you don’t then you really must be one of the luckiest people on Earth). There just isn’t much we can do to avoid the mosquito bites completely. Here are some interesting facts you may have never heard of when it comes to mosquitoes.

Interesting Facts About Mosquitoes

Thousands of Mosquito Species
According to the American Mosquito Association, there are about 2,700 species of mosquitoes around the world. 176 of these species exist in the United States. It’s highly unlikely that you will come across that many mosquito species in your lifetime unless you have a passion for wandering into remote jungles and swamps but it’s still crazy to think that there are that many species out there somewhere.

Mosquitoes Love Carbon Dioxide
Mosquitoes are one of several insects that love the scent of carbon dioxide. Researchers found that mosquitoes have a receptor that’s used to detect carbon dioxide and skin odor.

Mosquitoes Spread Dangerous Diseases
It’s not just the itchiness of a mosquito bite that these flying insects bring as a health concern. Mosquitoes are a vector for numerous diseases, some of which can be quite deadly. The most well-known diseases that mosquitoes may spread include malaria, dengue fever, and the West Nile virus.

The Itchy Bump is an Allergic Response
The red bump you get from a mosquito bite is a result of an allergic response. The mosquito saliva gets transferred to the host during the feeding process and the presence of the saliva can induce an allergic response from the host’s immune system. Some people may develop a level of tolerance if they continue to get bitten by mosquitoes. This may lead to them having less-severe reactions to mosquito bites over time. This, however, isn’t permanent.

How to Identify Mosquitoes

As we mentioned earlier, there are many species of mosquitoes that fly around earth. Here are the most common species you may come across at some point.

House Mosquitoes
These species of mosquitoes belong to a group that includes Culex Pipiens and Culex restuans Theobald. They are usually pale brown in color (with white stripes) and can be found in places that have a lot of standing water. A house mosquito may lay hundreds of eggs in one go so it’s important to remove all standing water around the house if you want to prevent a mosquito infestation from growing bigger.

Asian Tiger Mosquito
These mosquitoes have white or silver stripes on their abdomen and legs. The females are known for being aggressive biters and will feed during the daytime. The Asian Tiger Mosquito is a vector of more than thirty viruses (but not all of these viruses are known to pose a threat to humans) so they must be dealt with quickly.