How to Care for Dracaena Marginata Plants
Dracaena is a very pretty species and is one of the most common plants people grow at home. There are about 40 species, which are different in forms and sizes. However, only the types of dracaena which grow between 2 and 10 feet are popular with gardeners. They include dracaena fragrans, marginata, cinnabari, sanderiana, deremensis and draco.
Dracaena Fragrans, which is also known as the corn plant, enjoys tropical and sub-tropical climates. The leaves of this species are narrow and arched. They resemble corn plants to some extent. This cultivar reaches up to 40-50 feet when grows in the wild.
Dracaena Marginata is sometimes called the Madagascar dragon-tree or red-edged flower. This plant has purplish-red foliage and curving stalks. Its height is between 8 and 15 feet. The species also has a spread of 3-8 feet. Take a look at this infographic about Dracaena Marginata by TipsPlants to know more.
Dracaena cinnabari (or the Socotra dragon tree or dragon blood tree) is a bizarre but an extremely attractive plant. Its dense crown has the shape of an upside-down umbrella. The branches as well as the trunk of the cultivar are thick. The species produces red sap.
One more type which is frequently chosen to adorn homes and offices is Sanderiana (the Lucky Bamboo plant, Ribbon Dracaena, Belgian Evergreen). It is pretty hardy and you won’t have to make a lot of efforts to grow it. It’s native to tropical west Africa. It is an upright shrub with strap-shaped foliage. It is believed that this cultivar is good for feng shui.
It’s quite difficult to make up your mind which plant will be the most suitable for you using only the description. Try to find the images of dracaena varieties and choose one according to your taste. Nevertheless, do not forget that images don’t provide you with necessary information on plant growing. That’s where our tips can help you.
The plant likes bright and indirect light most of all. It can also put up with low light, but in this case its growth will be much slower. The area where the plant is located must be warm (not less than 65°F). Otherwise, the plant will not grow properly or may even die. The species also enjoys high humidity. If the humidity is not high enough, place the pebbles below the plant. It will work for sure. Twice a month in summer and spring use water-soluble house-plant fertilizers. Fertilizing is not requires in winter and fall. The plant is extremely sensitive to chemicals, so the exposure to fluoride must be minimized. Tap water contains fluoride, that’s why to be on a safe side use pure and clean water.
Dracaena Seed Germination
Sow the plant’s seeds into the soil. Pay attention to the fact that the soil must be kept moist. It will take the seeds from 30 to 40 days to start sprouting and it doesn’t matter what type of the plant you own. It would help the seeds to germinate if you soaked them in warm water for about 4 -5 days. You should change the water every day.
Plant Propagation through Cutting
If there are no seeds to plant, the plant can be propagated with the help of the cutting. Take 6-8 inch long cuttings of the plant you would like to spread. Plant them into containers. 2/3 of a cutting should remain above the soil. You must keep it moist.
Normally a few months pass before you can notice the signs of new growth.
How to Plant Dracaena if You Grow It Inside?
Probably, planting dracaena indoors seems to be easy, but in fact, this is a quite challenging task. First of all, find the container with drainage. Fill the container with the potting mix and afterwards place the cutting into it. The area where you are going to locate the container should be bright. The direct light is to be avoided. At the same time the place where the plant will be kept should be warm since the species cannot tolerate cold. Don’t forget to drain the species with distilled, day-tap or rain water.
Growing Dracaena Outdoors
So as to be able to grow a healthy plant outdoors, you are expected to choose a proper spot first. Avoid both too bright and too dark places. The best option is the area with filtered light. The soil the plant will be placed in must drain well.
Once the area has been chosen, dig a hole there. Take it into account that the hole must be twice as big as the root of the plant. Soil must surround the root system so that it could spread up without any difficulties. So as to ensure firmness of the ground, stomp the hole down.
What concerns watering, during the first 3 weeks dracaena should be watered twice a week (sometimes you will have to water it three times a week). As soon as 3 weeks are over, watering the species once a week will be enough.
Published on November 30, 2016 by Sam Choan.