How & When to Fertilize Young & Established Fruit Trees
Your first time trying to fertilize young and established fruit trees might not be successful if you don’t know the right fertilizer to use for those trees. Fruit trees need various macro nutrients to continue growing and we have found a couple great fertilizers that contain all of these needed nutrients. There are also some tips and tricks you should be following to ensure your fruit tree growth continues for years to come.
Best Fertilizer for Fruit Trees
There are many products available today that are great for fertilizing your fruit trees, and most of them are organic. What we love about these organic products is that they are natural and contain zero synthetic chemicals. We have found a couple products are much higher quality and work extremely well at helping grow your fruit trees quickly.
Jobe’s Organics Fruit & Citrus Fertilizer is certified by the USDA as being organic. You will not find any synthetic chemicals in this product and it works great for both citrus trees and fruit trees. Whether you have an established fruit tree or a new one, Jobe’s Organics Fruit & Citrus Fertilizer is going to help your trees grow quickly.
This is a granular fertilizer which contains archaea, which is a proprietary microorganism that will help break down various materials. Healthy soil needs fungi, bacteria, and Archaea. This is the only product on the market that has been able to replicate Archaea and market it commercially. Using this particular product will help your fruit tree grow and it will stop unfavorable conditions from harming your fruit tree.
Dr. Earth Natural Wonder Fruit Tree Fertilizer is a very effective product for your fruit trees. This product is certified organic and it’s also Non-GMO Project Verified. The fertilizer feeds up to 2 months and it is made completely from sustainable ingredients. Just one four-pound bag can feed up up 60 square feet, which means you don’t need much in order to fertilize your trees.
You can use this product anytime of the year because it’s completely natural and safe. This fertilizer works on all kinds of fruit trees, including fruiting vines and berries. There are probiotics in this fertilizer so it’s a living soil that will reinvigorate the soil you have. The probiotics are important to help revitalize and renew the soil in that particular area.
How to Fertilize Fruit Trees – Tips & Tricks
Fruit trees can be a challenge to a lot of homeowners in terms of fertilization and growing them successfully in various climates. A lot of people also have a hard time knowing which diseases are likely to impact which types of fruit trees. There are some simple tips and tricks you can follow to make this fruit tree fertilization process much easier.
Use a Tape Measure to Determine Fertilizer Volume
You want to use the tape measure in early spring or in the winter while the fruit tree is still dormant. Look at the growth rings from the past year, and you will see that the new growth rings are a different color. Measure the new growth ring all of the way to the end of that branch.
Go around the tree and repeat this measuring process in different spots. Calculate the average of the measurements you collected in order to find the annual tree growth. You want to measure the growth rings on each fruit tree, even if the trees are the same type and age.
Mature peach and nectarine trees should have a growth between 12-inches and 18-inches, along with apple and pear trees. The spur apple tree should have grown between 6-inches and 10-inches. Tart cherry trees should have a growth of 8-inches. Sweet cherry and plum trees should have a growth of 8-inches. If your fruit tree is not within that annual growth category, then you should fertilize that fruit tree.
Conduct a Soil Test to Determine What Mineral is Needed
In order to conduct the soil test, you will need a few basic items to get started. A stainless steel digging tool, plastic bag, and a permanent marker are needed. You want to collect the sample near the roots of your fruit tree to see what minerals are needed.
You will need to contact your local extension office in order to know where you need to send your soil to get tested. Some areas prefer to come out and take a sample of the soil themselves to ensure that it’s not contaminated. There is a fee for this service and you must fill out certain paperwork to begin the process. Your results could come back within a couple weeks and it will show you the minerals found and lacking in your soil. You will also see tips for successfully growing in that particular soil.
When to Fertilize Fruit Trees
For the average person, knowing when to fertilize a fruit tree is a complicated situation. There is a right and wrong time of the year to fertilize your fruit tree. Too much or too little fertilization on your fruit tree can wreak havoc on your fruit tree as well. Follow these steps to ensure you are going about fertilization the right way.
Do You Fertilize Fruit Trees in the Fall?
You should not be fertilizing your fruit trees in the fall, because the upcoming frost could ruin any new growth that the fruit tree produced.
How Many Times a Year Do You Fertilize Fruit Trees?
You only need to fertilize your fruit trees once a year at the most. Some fruit trees might not need any fertilization for the upcoming year, which is why you need to measure to see the fertilization volume. The preferred time to fertilize the fruit tree is right before the annual growth begins, which means right before the buds begin to break. If you miss this spring window, you can fertilize up until June and it will be okay.